ДЕЯТЕЛЬНОСТЬ ВЕНЕЦИАНСКОГО ПРАВИТЕЛЬСТВА ФЕССАЛОНИКИ ПО ОРГАНИЗАЦИИ ОБОРОНЫ ГОРОДА В ПЕРИОД ОСМАНСКОЙ ОСАДЫ 1422-1430 ГГ

Translated title of the contribution: ACTIVITY OF THE VENETIAN GOVERNMENT OF THESSALONIKI FOR THE ORGANIZATION OF THE DEFENSE OF THE CITY DURING THE OTTOMAN SIEGE IN 1422-1430

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Abstract

This article, based on Venetian and Byzantine sources, makes an attempt to consider the measures of the Venetian government of Thessaloniki to organize the defense of the city during its siege by the troops of the Ottoman Sultan Murad II in 1422-1430, and also to evaluate their effectiveness. Thessalonica for many centuries was the most important economic and political center of the region, being the main trading port on the northern coast of the Aegean Sea and in fact the second capital of the Byzantine Empire. In the late Byzantine time, having experienced many political upheavals, the outbreak of the plague epidemic, the capture of the city by the Ottomans in 1387, the city still did not lose its significance by the 15th century. and was perhaps the last bastion of resistance to the Ottomans in Macedonia.It is noted that Thessaloniki was not adequately provided with either weapons or military units capable of effectively resisting the Ottoman army of many thousands attacking the walls of the city. The author concludes that the reason for this was probably the reluctance of the Venetians to enter into open confrontation with the Ottoman Sultan, as well as the sabotage of the activities of the Venetian government by the Greek population of Thessaloniki.
Translated title of the contributionACTIVITY OF THE VENETIAN GOVERNMENT OF THESSALONIKI FOR THE ORGANIZATION OF THE DEFENSE OF THE CITY DURING THE OTTOMAN SIEGE IN 1422-1430
Original languageRussian
Pages (from-to)641-646
Number of pages6
JournalНаучные ведомости Белгородского государственного университета. Серия: История. Политология
Volume46
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019

GRNTI

  • 03.00.00 HISTORY AND HISTORICAL SCIENCES

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  • VAK List

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