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The article is devoted to the study of important area in activity of the Ural branch of the USSR Academy of Sciences Commission on the history of the Great Patriotic War. This task is the creation of the history of the 3rd Guards Rifle Division. The article was written on the basis of developments in the field of everyday history. The author used historical-functional and prosopographic methods also. For the first time, the transcript of the conversation is published. V. V. Danilevskii, chairman of the Ural branch of the USSR Academy of Sciences Commission on the history of the Great Patriotic War, with N.F. Efremov, politruk of the 297th separate communications battalion of the 153rd Rifle Division. According to the author, this archival document is a valuable and informative source on the history of the initial the Great Patriotic War period. N. F. Efremov’s story about the time when the 153rd Rifle Division fought the enemy in Belarus and near Smolensk contains many emotional descriptions of combat episodes. V. V. Danilevskii, who had colossal experience of communicating with people, did not interrupt his interlocutor during the conversation. V. V. Danilevskii was limited to clarifying questions for N. F. Efremov. Despite the fact that the transcript has undergone editorial revision, the text retains the style and manner of speech of N. F. Efremov, his experiences, emotions and feelings are visible. The information reported by N. F. Efremov is confirmed in official documents. The article shows the difference in approaches to the collection of materials on the history of the Commission of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR on the history of the Great Patriotic War. One group of scientists believed that priority should be given to the factual side. Another group, on the other hand, believed that the most important thing was to show the person in the war. V. V. Danilevskii was a supporter of the second position. His conversations with the commanders of the 153rd Rifle Division, comes to the fore a participant and eyewitness of epoch-making events.
|Translated title of the contribution||DOCUMENTS OF THE URAL BRANCH OF THE COMMISSION OF THE USSR ACADEMY OF SCIENCES ON THE HISTORY OF THE GREAT PATRIOTIC WAR: A VERBATIM REPORT OF V. V. DANILEVSKII INTERVIEW WITH POLITRUK N. F. EFREMOV|
|Journal||Наука. Общество. Оборона|
|Issue number||1 (30)|
|Publication status||Published - 2022|
- 03.00.00 HISTORY AND HISTORICAL SCIENCES
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- 1 Finished
13/01/2020 → 27/12/2022
Project: Award Project