This article analyzes the international relations in Europe in the last third of the XIX century. The major international conflicts of the period are considered, primarily the problem of the German-French relations. The political and diplomatic circumstances of “war anxieties” of 1875 and 1887 are analyzed. The evolution of foreign policy principles and approaches that have guided the governments of Russia and Great Britain in the situation of a possible military conflict between Germany and France are traced. The attention is paid to the impossibility of coordination between Russia and Great Britain during the European crisis of 1887. The changes in foreign policy and diplomacy of Chancellor Otto von Bismarck after the unification of Germany are marked. The attention is paid to the question of the balance of forces of leading European countries in the military field. According to the author, the diplomatic resolution of international crises during this period suggests that European governments viewed the war only as a last resort, an undesirable way to implement their foreign policy goals. Consequently, we can talk about establishing in Europe a long period of political equilibrium and groundlessness of traditional historiographical perspectives, considering European relations in 1871-1900 mainly as the beginning of folding World War I prerequisites.
|Translated title of the contribution||Europe in 1871-1900: Political Equilibrium or Preparation to War?|
|Issue number||5 (29)|
|Publication status||Published - 2014|
Level of Research Output
- VAK List