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The article presents research data based on comparison of the level of development of cognitive abilities among HIV-positive and HIV-negative youngsters. For diagnostics purposes the following methodology was used: the School Test of Intelligence Development-2, the Dot cancellation test (or Bourdon-Wiersma test), Jacobs study of STM capacity as well as the Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale (WAIS). The results have confirmed the hypothesis that the level of cognitive functioning among HIV-positive youngsters was lower than that of their peers with HIV-negative status. Youngsters with HIV infection scored lower on such dimensions of mental operations as analogies, classifications, logical generalizations and comparisons, short term memory capacity (memorability for single- and double-digit numbers), distribution of attention, ability to analyse and synthesize information as well as spatial awareness, than did those who were not HIV-infected. Also the extent of basic knowledge among HIV-positive youngsters was significantly lower than that of HIV-negative youngsters.
Original languageRussian
Pages (from-to)96-104
Number of pages9
JournalИзвестия Уральского федерального университета. Серия 1: Проблемы образования, науки и культуры
Issue number23(4)
Publication statusPublished - 2017

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