The article deals with animal names in cultural aspect through the analysis of zoonyms - secondary (figurative) names expressing emotional semantics in speech. The analyzed animal names have been picked out with the help of continuous sampling method from groups “carnivorous mammals”, “hoofed mammals” and “rodents” described in the Big Explanatory Dictionary of Russian nouns. The research is essentially based on vocabulary entries in representative explanatory dictionaries, but also on contexts, in which zoonyms are used. The purpose of the analysis was to determine the connotations and their specificity in meaningful structures of zoonyms. It turned out that a certain number of zoonyms from those groups don't have connotative meanings in Russian because these zoonyms denote animals which are exotic for native Russian speakers. It is revealed that in some cases zoonym acquires a connotation only being used in a special speech situation. The article provides as well examples of zoonyms connotative meanings which don't coincide in different languages. Some other characteristics of zoonyms connotative semantics regarding their relationship to the modification and demodification derivatives are also identified. The article points out that pejorative connotations are mostly used for human character description. Special attention is paid to the analysis of the cases when zoonyms are used in a function of invective. Conclusions about two degrees of invectives and their dependence on the contexts are based on the analysis of dictionary definitions as well as stylistic and emotional-expressive notes in explanatory dictionaries.
|Translated title of the contribution||NATIONAL CULTURAL CHARACTERISTICS OF ANIMAL NAMES IN THE RUSSIAN LANGUAGE|
|Number of pages||5|
|Publication status||Published - 2017|
Level of Research Output
- VAK List