НОВООБРАЗОВАНИЯ В ДЕТСКОЙ РЕЧИ КАК ОТРАЖЕНИЕ ГРАММАТИЧЕСКИХ ЗАКОНОМЕРНОСТЕЙ

Translated title of the contribution: GRAMMATICAL NEOLOGISMS IN CHILDREN’S SPEECH AS REFLECTION OF NORMATIVE GRAMMAR

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Abstract

The article deals with the problem of mastering a language and, in particular, the grammatical structure of the Russian language, by a child. The study was conducted on the material of spontaneous children’s speech, observed and transcribed during the course of two years. The object of analysis is made up by grammatical neologisms (innovations) in the speech of a child from 2 to 4.5 years of age. Children’s neologisms are studied in a system centered paradigm from the point of view of their correspondence to language normative use. The study involves the methods of morphemic, derivational and morphological analysis of a word. The author analyzes substantive and verbal word forms, variability of verbal aspect forms and derivation processes in the field of relative and possessive adjectival word building. The article argues that speech development of a child is reflected in his ability to choose the necessary grammeme from the set of forms, constituting a morphological category, and in his skill to construct morphological forms according to the rules, corresponding to the law of linguistic symmetry. The author proves that in the process of acquisition of a language as an operation tool, the child forms his own categorial system on the basis of general language rules, and that the inherently linguistic mechanism of word form derivation functions in accordance with the immanent law of analogy, which explains the fact, why children’s speech innovations are characterized by typological homogeneity and follow the main regularities of language system.
Translated title of the contributionGRAMMATICAL NEOLOGISMS IN CHILDREN’S SPEECH AS REFLECTION OF NORMATIVE GRAMMAR
Original languageRussian
Pages (from-to)104-107
Number of pages4
JournalПедагогическое образование в России
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2015

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