ПОЙМАТЬ ОСТРОДЫМА: ОБ ОДНОЙ ЛЕКСИЧЕСКОЙ ЗАГАДКЕ РУССКИХ НАРОДНЫХ ГОВОРОВ

Translated title of the contribution: Поймать остродыма: a lexical riddle of Russian subdialects

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Abstract

The article analyzes a complex of Russian lexical and onomastic units: dialect lexemes астрадúм, востроды́мка, острадúм, острогúн, остроды́м which carry the meaning of a negative characterization of a person (‘a cruel person', ‘somebody who causes harm', ‘an arrogant person', ‘a thief' etc.); anthroponyms: the nickname Остродым, the surnames Астрадимов, Астрадымов, Востродымов, Острадымов, Остродымов ; the Perm set expression поймать остродыма ‘to finish harvesting a field'. Considering materials in historical derivation, morphonology and ethnolinguistics, the author performs a group reconstruction of these units. According to the author, the stem of these units is a substantivized form of the present passive participle of the verb * острадить ‘to finish farm work (haymaking, reaping)', ‘to inflict torture or suffering on somebody'.
Translated title of the contributionПоймать остродыма: a lexical riddle of Russian subdialects
Original languageRussian
Pages (from-to)151-171
Number of pages21
JournalРусский язык в научном освещении
Issue number1(29)
Publication statusPublished - 2015

GRNTI

  • 16.00.00 LINGUISTICS

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  • VAK List

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