This article focuses on the decline of the Russian Orthodox Church landscape during the period 1917-1941 in one of the key Russian provincial cities - Ekaterinburg (named Sverdlovsk in 1924). It was during this period that the Soviet state carried out the most comprehensive attacks on religion, closing churches, destroying religious organizations and their buildings as well as persecuting religious leaders. We use the “religious landscape” concept to analyze the evolution of the religious situation in the city. However, we studied not only the main markers of religion in Ekaterinburg, but also the number of parishioners and the frequency of everyday religious rites. The study is based on documents extracted from the local archives and statistical aggregates. This allowed us to reconstruct the decline of the Orthodox landscape and its main features in three different periods between 1917 and 1941. We argue that the Bolsheviks’ anti-religious measures in the 1920s should be considered as part of the general European secularization, which started before 1917. The data obtained give grounds to put forward a hypothesis about the weak effect of the Bolsheviks’ measures regarding the Orthodox Church nucleus - its active parishioners, for about 25% of the city’s population kept practicing the main religious rites until the mid-1930s.
|Translated title of the contribution||The orthodox landscape in Ekaterinburg (Sverdlovsk) before the Word War II: historical and statistical analysis|
|Number of pages||20|
|Journal||Вестник Тюменского государственного университета. Гуманитарные исследования. Humanitates|
|Publication status||Published - 2019|
Level of Research Output
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