СЕМАНТИЧЕСКИЕ ВАРИАЦИИ АКТУАЛЬНЫХ СЛОВ: ЛЕКСЕМЫ ЭКСТРЕМИЗМ И ТЕРРОРИЗМ В СОВРЕМЕННОМ РУССКОМ ЯЗЫКЕ

Translated title of the contribution: SEMANTIC VARIATIONS OF URGENT VOCABULARY: LEXEMES EKSTREMIZM AND TERRORIZM IN MODERN RUSSIAN

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The phenomenon of terrorism has become an integral part of socio-political and scientific discourse. Still there is no clear cut definition of this term. Urgent ideology and the notions connected with it are explicated in the words of the present time, or urgent words, or chrono-words. The Russian words "ekstremizm" and "terrorizm " have been actively used recently as such words; semantic variations of these words are studied in the given article on the material of mass media texts. These lexemes are semantically close to each other: international law treats terrorism as a manifestation of extremism. In non-terminological usage, these lexemes are often included in coordinating phrases, which produces a pragmatic effect, because the use of words with negative meanings in a homogeneous sequence brings about intensification of the negative semantics. In explanatory dictionaries the words under study have similar definitions and are referred to as close in meaning. As words of the present time, the units "ekstremizm" and "terrorizm" possess certain characteristic features. In papers, they often occupy the key position, i.e. they are found in headlines. These lexemes are often included in sentences-definitions. What is more, the words under consideration display high word-building activity. The word "terrorizm" has developed a rich word-building paradigm, including derivatives in various parts of speech. The word-building activity of the lexeme "ekstremizm" is not so high. The lexemes "ekstremizm" and "terrorizm" are characterized by expanding combinability. The semantic mark "activity aimed at physical and moral destruction of a person" is neutralized, and the semantic property of "the highest degree" is actualized. Terrorism is presented not only as a physical action, but also as a speech communication, containing a threat of a possible terroristic act. Verbal means, which have a strong impact upon a person, can be a source of terrorism. Above all, the sphere of functioning of these words is also changing. They are being used not only in relation to politics, but to other social spheres as well. The meanings of these words develop new shades: with "ekstremizm" these are "person's unconventional behavior; actions not conforming to the norm " and with "terrorizm" - "psychological suppression of the opponent".
Translated title of the contributionSEMANTIC VARIATIONS OF URGENT VOCABULARY: LEXEMES EKSTREMIZM AND TERRORIZM IN MODERN RUSSIAN
Original languageRussian
Pages (from-to)252-258
Number of pages7
JournalПолитическая лингвистика
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2015

GRNTI

  • 11.00.00 POLICY AND POLITICAL SCIENCE

Level of Research Output

  • VAK List

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