The current paper provides the overview of modern foreign studies on the issue of visual perception of social information in typically developing children during the first two years after birth. The influence of the features of visual attention to social stimuli, such as human faces, on further cognitive, communicative and socio-emotional development is considered. The stages of social orienting in young children are consistently presented: face orienting, gaze following, joint attention. The main research paradigms on which eye-tracking experimental studies are based were analyzed. Psychophysiological mechanisms responsible for the emergence and development of social orienting in children were also considered. A large amount of foreign studies demonstrates the presence in infants of an innate ability to prefer human faces over non-social stimuli. It has been shown that infants prefer faces with open eyes allowing them to make eye contact. By the end of the first half of the year after birth, the emerging gaze following ability initiates the development of joint attention when young children begin to perceive adults as “intentionally acting subjects” and voluntary share their intentions. In this article, joint attention is considered as one of the most important forms of preverbal communication, and it also analyzes the significance of this phenomenon for the language development in children and the formation of the theory of mind. In conclusion, it is emphasized that this issue is almost not considered in Russian scientific literature, and this fact opens up significant prospects for investigations of visual perception in Russian sample of young children.
|Translated title of the contribution||MODERN VIEWS ON THE ROLE OF VISUAL PERCEPTION OF FACES IN COGNITIVE DEVELOPMENT IN YOUNG CHILDREN|
|Number of pages||16|
|Publication status||Published - 2020|
Level of Research Output
- VAK List