The purpose of the master's thesis is to develop ways to improve the taxation of agricultural organizations to the optimum combination of interests of the state and society. The first chapter reviewed the theoretical foundations of taxation in agriculture, the general characteristic of the agricultural sector, considered the tax tools to stimulate the agricultural sector enterprises. The second chapter is devoted to analysis of the efficiency of agricultural organizations and their tax regulation. Spend the financial and economic evaluation and analysis of the tax burden of taxpayers UAT and analysis of the taxpayers and UAT revenue (for example, the Russian Federation and the Sverdlovsk region). In the third chapter of the proposed perspectives and ways of improving the taxation of agricultural producers and the ways of improving the taxation of agricultural organizations.