Perinatal Arterial Ischemic Stroke is a cerebrovascular disease occurring between the 20th gestational week and the 28th postnatal day, causing motor and non-motor deficits with cerebral palsy being a frequent outcome. The young brain reacts by reorganizing its injured networks to ipsilesional and/or contralesional hemisphere with the latter relating more to motor impairment. The Prefrontal Cortex is considered one of the most vulnerable areas with cognitive deficits emerging with a delay, due to its lengthy development reaching its synaptogenesis peak after the first postnatal year, while other areas, such as the Primary Cortices undergo generally their major synaptogenesis phase during the first postnatal semester. So early detection of low synaptogenesis could be an early mark of present or upcoming deficits and lead to an early intervention. Beta band has been recently suggested as a possible biomarker of synaptogenesis with GABA’s activity being connected with neuroplasticity and synaptogenesis. The main goal of the current study is to establish the role of of the absolute beta-1 power to synaptogenesis and the investigate the vulnerability of the Prefrontal Cortex. Fourty typical children and 10 children with Perinatal Arterial Ischemic Stroke in their subcortical Middle Cerebral Artery were recruited and were created 3 age subgroups; 5month, 10month and 24month subgroup. EEG recording and Bayley-III test were used to measure their background activity and developmental level. Although the statistical analysis via non-parametric tools (Mann-Whitney U-test, Kruskall Wallis test) didn’t show decisive results, a potential connection of beta-band with synaptogenesis could be detected when observing low beta-1 power in motor and cognitive brain areas and low motor and cognitive performance and also by detecting a posterior to anterior maturation. Moreover the early vulnerability of Prefrontal Cortex may be found in the decreased bilateral beta-1 power in the 24month children with perinatal stroke, when compared with the typical children and the earlier unilateral differences, along with some cognitive deficits which begin to emerge in the same group.
Absolute beta-1 power as an indication of synaptogenesis in children with Perinatal Arterial Ischaemic Stroke: master's thesis
Тсолису, Д. (Author). 2020
Student thesis: Master's Thesis