The book describes a variety of corruption schemes which involve representatives of the state and municipal government of Russia and some other countries. First among those who research public authorities, the author shows that in the appearance of corruption inclinations among them, politicians and officials are affected not only by social and cultural, but also by natural roots and grounds, leading to abuse of official powers. Through the ancestral instincts of appropriating someone else's belongings, the individuals demonstrate in particular a need to build and strengthen subordination hierarchies, relations of superiority and inferiority, which in turn organize the survival of both people and many other primates and animals. Corresponding to the rank in hierarchically organized society, individuals seek to provide themselves with favourable material opportunities when protecting themselves from external and internal threats, with nutrition and reproduction, with the prestigious material environment of their personal life. At the same time, human individuals do this both legally and illegally – the latter by using criminal schemes and tools. During its influence, corruption, therefore, gradually erases the boundaries between a man and an animal in those who have power. In other words, the less developed are their personal ethics and culture, and the weaker is the state and civil control over their official behaviour – the stronger there can get out their species hierarchical nature of homo sapiens, which motivates them to make their own benefit out of the confidence given to them. That is why the author puts forward the indispensable necessity of regular replacement of power holders, and the inevitability of the constant processes of society democratization. Otherwise, this society is doomed to degradation. In support of these ideas, the book reveals the essence and content of the so-called illegal, de facto institutionalized corruption that exists in many countries of the world. In Russia it is, first of all, a product of the centuries-old tradition of “feeding” the authorities. For a millennium of its existence, this tradition has been resulting in arbitrariness of the bureaucratic informal fees from the population when solving public problems and managing citizens' personal affairs. At the same time, power holders' rent-seeking as a basic hierarchical instinct motivates them to exceed the material provision of their ompetencies and government functions over its basic content and cost. Moreover, the autocracy and authoritarianism of the political and administrative bureaucracy only enlarge, aggravate, and intensify these aspirations. The book summarizes successful strategies for eliminating corruption «poisoning» in the management bodies of society, these strategies having been tested and proven by the world and Russian experience. There are also proposed certain ways to eliminate the corrupting power of hierarchical social system.
|Título traducido de la contribución||Corruption of Public Authorities: the Russian Version. The Experience of Fighting Against|
|Lugar de publicación||Екатеринбург|
|Editorial||Издательство Уральского университета|
|Número de páginas||288|
|ISBN (versión impresa)||978-5-7996-2119-3|
|Estado||Published - 2017|