ОСОБЕННОСТИ ПРОВЕДЕНИЯ БОЛЬШОГО ТЕРРОРА ПРОТИВ СЛУЖИТЕЛЕЙ ЦЕРКВИ НА УРАЛЕ

Resultado de la investigación: Articlerevisión exhaustiva

Resumen

Specifics of the large-scale terror against Orthodox clergy and the most active members of church in different regions of the Urals have been studied in this article. Despite popularity in the native publicism of the last decades the theme of repressions of 1937-1938 has been studied insufficiently from scientific point of view and information about the number of “churchmen” subjected to repressions has been absolutely fantastic as a rule. In this paper the author has tried to use both a few scientific publications on this subject and the results of the work connected with formation of database which includes the names of clergy and the most active members of church subjected to repressions. This database involves practically all regions of “the Great Urals”: Sverdlovsk, Chelyabinsk, Kurgan, Orenburg, Perm Krai, Orenburg, and Republic of Bashkortostan. In the process of this database formation it has been used a wide range of sources - both published (The Books of Memory of Subjected to Repressions, etc.) and online sources (Database of the Orthodox St. Tikhon University of Humanities). Besides, it has been used a whole layer of archival investigative documents of “the Great Terror” period, blind copies of which can be find in the archive of Ekaterinburg Theological Seminary. The results of study define more exactly the information about anti-ecclesiastic Great Terror in the Urals the peak of which could be seen at the end of 1937. First of all it is necessary to mention that regional specificity conditioned by the whole number of reasons connected with “policy” of the local NKVD structures played considerable part. In different regions of the Urals the total number of persons subjected to repressions and percent of those who adjudged them are different too. General conclusion: the main target of repressive policy of the state during the Great Terror was the institutional structure of church. The orthodox clergy and especially episcopate was the main group subjected to repressions. The lower members of the clergy were repressed to a lesser extent. Religious persons who did not held any posts in church were in the same situation.
Título traducido de la contribuciónSPECIFICS OF THE LARGE-SCALE TERROR AGAINST CLERGYMAN IN THE URALS
Idioma originalRussian
Páginas (desde-hasta)96-108
PublicaciónВестник Пермского национального исследовательского политехнического университета. Культура, история, философия, право
N.º3
DOI
EstadoPublished - 2018

GRNTI

  • 03.00.00 HISTORY AND HISTORICAL SCIENCES

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