The paper considers the main approaches to the formation of clusters: the design approach, the structural allocation of the cluster approach, the statistical approach, the simulation modeling approach, game theory. Their brief description and possibility of application for the socio-economic cluster in the housing sector is given. According to the analysis of methodological approaches to modeling and cluster formation, we can say that the socio-economic cluster in the housing and communal services exists in every city in Russia. It was formed “from top to bottom,” that is, with the direct support and participation of regional (federal) authorities. It operates exclusively for the domestic market, where its consumption segment is 100%, because the entire population of the country and all enterprises are its consumers. From the point of view of its main features, to identify the leader in it is not possible, because this cluster is multifunctional, providing a large number of housing and communal services. From the point of view of identification methods, the socio-economic cluster in the housing and communal services was formed as a result of the economy on agglomeration. According to the level of coverage of the territory, it is multisectoral, since utilities are provided by the communal sector, housing services are provided by the construction sector, and energy resources are provided by the energy sector. Based on the analysis of clusters, it can be noted that all world clusters are formed in industries manufacturing products. There are no clusters producing services in the world. And this fact makes the housing sector and the formation of a socioeconomic cluster in it unique.
|Título traducido de la contribución||Approaches to the formation of the concept of «socio-economic cluster in the field of housing and communal services»|
|Estado||Published - 2019|
Level of Research Output
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