СТАНОВЛЕНИЕ МЕДИЦИНСКОЙ ИНФРАСТРУКТУРЫ НА КАЗЕННЫХ ЗАВОДАХ УРАЛА В ПЕРВОЙ ТРЕТИ XVIII ВЕКА

Resultado de la investigación: Articlerevisión exhaustiva

Resumen

The article analyzes the history of factory hospitals, regulatory, organizational, economic and financial aspects of their functioning and reveals the main milestones in the formation, improvement and development of medical infrastructure at state-owned mining plants in the Urals in the first third of the XVIII century. On the basis of archival documents, issues related to the hiring of doctors, medical personnel, and their activities in prescribing medicines from Moscow are considered. Special attention is paid to practical activities and organization of training of auxiliary medical personnel and junior medical personnel. To reflect all the specifics and complexity of the work of medical servants in the Ural factories in the first third of the XVIII century the diseases that they most often had to deal with are described, and examples from the medical practice of that time are given. The authors come to the conclusion that, despite the shortcomings of the state administration system and the rudimentary state of medical education in the Petrine era, in the first third of the XVIII century, the state-owned factories of the Urals managed to lay the foundations of medical infrastructure. Its base was the Yekaterinburg hospital and hospitals in Perm factories. Despite the lack of qualified medical personnel, they were provided with medicines and were able to receive patients for a wide range of diseases. Thanks to the efforts of the Ural mountain administrators and the first doctors who arrived in the Ural region, it was possible to establish material support for the hospital economy, organize training of junior medical personnel and create a system of medical and labor expertise.
Título traducido de la contribuciónFORMATION OF MEDICAL INFRASTRUCTURE AT STATE-OWNED FACTORIES IN THE URALS IN THE FIRST THIRD OF THE XVIII CENTURY
Idioma originalRussian
Páginas (desde-hasta)20-34
Número de páginas15
PublicaciónВестник гуманитарного образования
N.º2 (18)
DOI
EstadoPublished - 2020

GRNTI

  • 03.23.00

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  • VAK List

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