The history of the Russian Orthodox Church in the 20th century demonstrates that there were several major campaigns organized by the Soviet authorities during which the clergy had to show its loyalty to the government: the seizure of church values, the Renovation and Gregorian schisms, etc. Another element of such loyalty formation was the involvement of people from the church environment in the number of informers of the OGPU-NKVD system. State anti-church companies and schisms have been studied by modern historical science for a long time; still there is little sufficient information about the methods and results of recruitment of clergymen and their probable motivation to become informants. A thorough study of this phenomenon, which took place throughout the entire period of Soviet empire, makes possible to have more complete picture of the Russian Orthodox Church existence in the 20thcentury as well as its relationship with the Soviet authorities. The article is devoted to such undeniably ambiguous problem of relations between the Church and the state as priests’ collaboration with OGPU -NKVD bodies in the Urals during 1920s - 1930s. By the example of some internal documents different forms of cooperation and incentives of such behavior have been studied. Analysis of standard documents (papers of commitments, signed statements, etc.) shows that such relations with OGPU-NKVD bodies were understood as a civil duty of a conscious member of the Soviet society and an unconditional expression of loyalty to the authorities. The archival materials, including investigative files of the repressed clergy, provide an opportunity for considering the possible motives to begin collaboration with the Soviet punitive authorities. The main motives were: confidence in the OGPU bodies or in specific representatives of the Soviet authority; an expression of loyalty to the Soviet regime or personal benefits from cooperation, first of all - protection from possible repressive measures. The certain and predominant motive is the consent to cooperate in order to continue the church service; in this connection it is considered the phenomenon of the so-called "Double dealing", when such cooperation was formal. The author comes to the conclusion that the collaboration of the church servants with the OGPU-NKVD bodies is the ambiguous phenomenon and while examining the biographies of the clergy of that period it is necessary to focus on the clarification of their motives.
|Título traducido de la contribución||“Church agents” of the OGPU-NKVD in the Urals of 1920-1930s: TRAITS to the social portrait|
|Número de páginas||8|
|Publicación||Вестник Пермского национального исследовательского политехнического университета. Культура, история, философия, право|
|Estado||Published - 2018|
- 03.00.00 HISTORY AND HISTORICAL SCIENCES
Level of Research Output
- VAK List