Relevance of the chosen topic. The modern banking system of the Russian Federation is characterized by a transition to a qualitatively new stage of development, due to the increasing competition of credit institutions and the need to maintain or strengthen market positions, which affects all spheres of banking activity without exception. A quantitative increase in the volume of transactions performed and an increase in the profitability of banking activities require credit institutions to improve the quality of management of deposit resources and revise the approaches underlying the formation of a deposit policy, which should take into account new economic conditions and the needs of economic entities, and comply with the general development strategy of the bank. In recent years, banking experts have noted the increasing influence of the deposit policy of commercial banks on the development of their activities. At the same time, insufficient development of the theoretical foundations of formation, problems of practical implementation and methods for assessing deposit policy weakens its impact on improving the quantitative and qualitative indicators of the functioning of commercial banks and the banking system as a whole. In these conditions, the complex development of theoretical and practical issues that reveal all aspects of the deposit policy of a commercial bank acquires special relevance. In recent years, positive trends in the development of the Russian banking sector have intensified. At the same time, the importance of the banking sector for the country's economy is growing, and confidence in the banks of depositors is increasing. However, the dynamic development of the banking sector is accompanied by the accumulation of risks, which certainly reduces the efficiency of the functioning of commercial banks. Research problem. The main problem of increasing the efficiency of a commercial bank is reduced to managing its assets and liabilities, i.e. the formation, first of all, of the optimal ratio between the types of deposits and the types of placement of funds, since the basis of operating activities is the implementation of financial operations to attract deposits and issue loans. All types of deposit and lending operations should be considered as the bulk of the banking portfolio. Deposit and loan portfolio management involves an analytical analysis of its composition, volume, profitability, riskiness, forecasts and quantitative assessment of cash flows that determine the deposit and credit policy of a commercial bank. The state of knowledge of the problem. In foreign and domestic scientific literature, much attention is paid to the problems of formation, management and optimization of portfolio policy. At the same time, a large number of studies are devoted to the problems of forming financial portfolios, as well as assessing the effectiveness of portfolio investments. Recently, studies of domestic scientists have appeared in the field of managing the structure of deposit and loan portfolios, the authors of which are: P. Bocharov, A. Bukhvalov, S. Goncharov, I. Grachev, N. Egorova, S. Zhulenev, V. Ivanov, V. Kazeykin, V. Kapitonenko, Y. Kasimov, O. Kasimova, I. Kiseleva, T. Kovaleva, Y. Korobov, A. Kochetygov, V. Kutukov, O. Lavrushin, Y. Melkumov, A. Mitskevich, V. Selyukov, A. Semenyak, V. Simchera, A. Smulov, A. Tumanov, S. Khachatryan, E. Chetyrkin, A. Chernyak and others. At the same time, to date, such a problem as the development of an effective methodological tool for optimizing the portfolio policy of commercial banks in the implementation of deposit and credit operations in the context of changing financial market conditions has not received a proper solution. The noted problems of a methodological and practical nature determined the relevance of the chosen direction of research and determined the setting of the goal and objectives of the dissertation work. The purpose of the work is to analyze the foundations of the formation of a deposit policy and identify the problems of managing the deposit portfolio of a commercial bank. To achieve this goal, the following tasks have been set and implemented: consider the content and directions of the bank's financial policy; to study the basics of deposit portfolio management; highlight the criteria for the quality of the deposit portfolio; consider the economic characteristics of the bank; analyze the bank's deposit portfolio; highlight the problems of managing the bank's deposit portfolio; develop methods to increase the liquidity and solvency of the bank; propose methods for improving the deposit policy of Sberbank of Russia; to determine the prospects for the development of new active operations of Sberbank of Russia. The subject of the research is the economic and organizational relations that develop in the process of formation, implementation and assessment of the deposit policy of a commercial bank. The object of the research is the performance indicators of Sberbank of Russia; The theoretical and methodological basis was the works of leading domestic and foreign experts, revealing the pattern of development of a market economy, the foundations of organizing and managing the activities of a commercial bank, economic and organizational aspects of the formation of banking policy. His research relied on the theoretical developments of a number of prominent scientists in the field of banking: A. Babicheva, G. N. Beloglazova, E. N. Vasilishena, E. P. Zharkovskaya, E. F. Zhukov, L. P. Krolivetskaya, V.I. Kolesnikova, G.G. Korobova, O. I. Lavrushina, G. S. Panova, A. M. Tavasieva, K. R. Tagirbekova. The work is based on the following methods - analysis, classification, comparison, generalization, as well as economic-mathematical and economic-statistical methods. Theoretical and practical significance. Theoretical results are essential in terms of creating new methods, as well as internal instructions of the bank for making managerial decisions in managing the bank's operating activities. The practical value of the work lies in the fact that its results have the form of practical recommendations in the formation and management of deposit and credit portfolios of a commercial bank. Work structure. The work consists of an introduction, three chapters, a conclusion and a bibliography.
|Fecha de adjudicación||2020|
|Supervisor||Алексей Юрьевич Домников (Supervisor)|