К ВОПРОСУ АДАПТАЦИИ СЕЛЬСКОХОЗЯЙСТВЕННОГО ПРОИЗВОДСТВА К ЛАНДШАФТНЫМ И КЛИМАТИЧЕСКИМ УСЛОВИЯМ СТЕПНОЙ ЗОНЫ

Михаил М. Константинов, И. Н. Глушков, И. В. Герасименко, Игорь Игоревич Огнев, В. Р. Мухамедов, М. С. Галиев

Resultado de pesquisa: Articlerevisão de pares

Resumo

The article considers the negative impact of heavy agricultural machinery on the soil. The issue of minimizing the impact of equipment on the soil and its technical and technological adaptation to certain landscape and climatic conditions is considered. The latter makes it possible to reduce the adverse impact in specific zonal and territorial conditions. This problem is considered on the example of mechanized cultivation of grain crops in the conditions of the steppe zone. Research by scientists at the Orenburg state university allowed us to develop a number of technical and technological solutions to this problem. Among them we can mention an advanced ploskorezy paws with extra knives, used as the working body of the cultivator-the cultivator, used for primary tillage no-spin way. The design of such a paw allows you to improve the quality of soil crumbling without wrapping it. In addition, a batch header was created with a device for forming stubble wings, the technological process of which involves reducing the number of passes of heavy equipment on the selection of rolls and forming stubble wings that provide snow retention for further increasing soil moisture reserves. In further studies, it is planned to evaluate the integrated application of these technologies and technical means in the system of cultivation of grain crops on the soil condition.
Título traduzido da contribuiçãoON THE ISSUE OF ADAPTATION OF AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTION TO LANDSCAPE AND CLIMATIC CONDITIONS OF THE STEPPE ZONE
Idioma originalRussian
Páginas (de-até)13-19
Número de páginas7
RevistaИзвестия Международной академии аграрного образования
Número de emissão48
Estado da publicaçãoPublished - 2020

GRNTI

  • 68.00.00 AGRICULTURE AND FORESTRY

Level of Research Output

  • VAK List

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