The article considers the delivery of products of state-owned metallurgical works in the Urals to consumers in the first half of the 19th century. Based on a complex of published sources (historical and statistical descriptions, materials of the Mining Journal), as well as archival documents, the author concludes that the state mining districts produced metals mainly for the Military and the Navy Department for the needs of arms enterprises, arsenals and seaports in various regions of the Russian Empire. Metals and products of state enterprises were delivered by land and water. Within districts, the products were transported by land to state piers on local roads. Due to the poor condition of the road network inside the state districts, transportation was carried out in winter. In spring, in state caravans, the products were floated to destinations in Central Russia. The author notes that the delivery of products by water was carried out mainly by the resources of the Mining Department under the supervision of the caravan inspectors, who were subordinate to the staff of officials and employees. In the first quarter of the 19th century, the state used the services of private contractors for the transportation of products to piers and their rafting to destinations. As a result, the imperfection of the transport system of the region, its remoteness from the main sales areas led to an increase in the cost of products of state-owned works. The time of delivery of military products to the destinations increased, which led to violations of the deadlines for the performance of military orders.
|Título traduzido da contribuição||THE ORGANIZATION OF TRANSPORTATION OF PRODUCTS OF THE MINING DISTRICTS OF THE URALS IN THE FIRST HALF OF THE 19THCENTURY|
|Revista||Вестник Удмуртского университета. Серия История и филология|
|Número de emissão||4|
|Estado da publicação||Published - 2018|
Level of Research Output
- VAK List