An urgent task today is to strengthen the importance of property taxation, measured not only by quantitative indicators, but also by the correct perception of tax by local authorities. The scope of the research is the development of the process of fiscal decentralization in Russia. The subject of the study is the relationship of the principle of benefits in property taxation with the process of fiscal decentralization at a local and regional level. The employed research methods include logical analysis, the descriptive method and systematic presentation of the results of statistical analysis. The aim of the article is to study the importance of property taxes for the implementation of fiscal decentralization in Russia. As a result of the calculations, it was concluded that there is a tendency toward an increased financial dependence of local governments and increased centralization at the local level. It is shown that increasing transfer dependence and increasing centralization at the level of administrative centers of the regions while reducing gratuitous assistance at the regional level indicates a concentration of resources around the regional capitals and a decrease in financial support for smaller areas. The author proposes that the benefit principle in the property taxation system in Russia should be introduced and proves the possibility of doing that. The principle implies the transfer of property taxes to the targeted category, when tax revenues are directed toward specific items of municipal expenditures. The ultimate goal of introducing the principle of benefit is to increase the responsibility of local authorities regarding the efficient provision of municipal public goods, highlight the importance of property taxes and strengthen fiscal decentralization at the local level. To determine the potential ability of property taxes to fulfill the target function, a ratio of municipalities’ fiscal self-sufficiency was proposed and calculated, which allows one to determine the share of net expenditures of budgets subject to financing with property tax. The input data for the study was borrowed from statistical data on the execution of regional and local budgets, as well as tax revenue reports of tax authorities.
Level of Research Output
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