Исследование структуры мотивации достижения в связи с отношением к неопределенности и стрессу
: магистерская диссертация

学生论文: Master's Thesis

摘要

The object of the research is achievement motivation, and the subject is the structure of achievement motivation in connection with such factors as attitude to stress and uncertainty. Objective: to identify the relationship of the structural components of achievement motivation with the attitude to uncertainty and stress. The hypothesis of this study is that "achievable" personality traits and achievement motivation are generally positively associated with tolerance to uncertainty and with the implicit theory of "usefulness of stress".This assumption is concretized in more particular hypotheses that: 1) Tolerate and intolerant to ambiguity subjects differ in the level of achievement motivation due to only some of its components. 2) Subjects who adhere to the theory of "usefulness of stress" have more pronounced "achievable" features in comparison with those who adhere to the theory of "harmfulness of stress". The following methods were used in the study: "New questionnaire of tolerance-tolerance to uncertainty" (Kornilova T. V., 2009) [19]; "Questionnaire of achievement motivation" by G. Schuler (2004) [66] in the adaptation of Vindeker O. S. (2010) [7], research questionnaire "Implicit theories of stress", developed at the Department of pedagogy and psychology of education. The Mann-Whitney (U) test, Spearman (rs) test and variance analysis were used for statistical analysis of the obtained data. The correlation study was conducted in October 2018. As a sample were first-year students of the Department of psychology ISPN Urfu. A total of 107 people took part in the study, including 19 boys and 88 girls, the average age – 19 years.
The proposed hypothesis about the positive connection of the dispositional motivation of achievement and its individual components with the tolerance to uncertainty and with the implicit theory of the "usefulness of stress" was confirmed. The hypothesis that tolerate and intolerant to ambiguity subjects differ in the level of achievement motivation due to only some of its components were confirmed. Subjects who are calmly dealing with situations of ambiguity, non-resolution and chaos are more motivated to achieve. The "tolerant" subjects have more pronounced features of achievement motivation, such as flexibility, independence and confidence in success. Those who are tolerant to uncertainty may have different levels of achievement motivation. It is interesting to note that subjects with high rates on the "Flow" scale are characterized by a combination of high tolerance and tolerance to uncertainty. In the study of the correlation between achievement motivation and interpersonal intolerance, it was concluded that people seeking clarity and control in interpersonal relationships have a low level of achievement motivation. The hypothesis that the high level of achievement motivation is associated with the implicit theory of the usefulness of stress was confirmed. Subjects who perceive stress as a source of growth and development are more independent and often prefer to solve difficult problems than those who adhere to the implicit theory of the harmfulness of stress. Individuals who adhere to the theory of "usefulness of stress" have a higher motivation to achieve compared to those who adhere to the theory of "harmfulness of stress".
奖励日期2019
源语言Russian
奖励机构
  • Ural Federal University
导师Ольга Сергеевна Виндекер (Supervisor)

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