Кристаллическая структура и физико-химические свойства сложнооксидных фаз Nd1.6Ca0.4Ni1-yCuyO4+δ
: магистерская диссертация

学生论文: Master's Thesis


Present work contains 71 pages, 52 figures, 8 tables, 73 references in the literature list. Keywords: SOLID OXIDE FUEL CELLS, CATHODE, RUDDLESDEN-POPPER STRUCTURE, THERMAL EXPANSION, ELECTROCONDUCTIVITY, CHEMICAL COMPATIBILITY. Synthesis of the Nd1.6Ca0.4Ni1-yCuyO4+δ (y = 0.0-0.4) complex oxides was carried out by the glycerol-nitrate compositions pyrolysis. Phase composition of the Nd1.6Ca0.4Ni1-yCuyO4+δ (y = 0.0-0.4) powders was determined by the X-ray diffraction (DRON-6). The crystal structure parameters of the Nd1.6Ca0.4Ni1-yCuyO4+δ (y = 0.0-0.4) oxides at 25 °C were refined by the Rietveld method using the FullProf Suite software package. High-temperature X-ray studies were performed on the Nd1.6Ca0.4Ni1-yCuyO4+δ (y = 0.0-0.3) powders. The thermogravimetry (NETZSCH STA 449F3) and redox titration (potentiometric) methods (Aquilon ATP-02) were used for the determination of an absolute oxygen content in the Nd1.6Ca0.4Ni1-yCuyO4+δ (y = 0.0-0.4) samples in air. Thermal expansion of the compact Nd1.6Ca0.4Ni1-yCuyO4+δ (y = 0.0-0.4) samples were studied using the dilatometry (Netzsch DIL 402C) method. The isobaric linear coefficients of the Nd1.6Ca0.4Ni1-yCuyO4+δ (y = 0.0-0.4) thermal expansion were calculated from linearization of the experimental dependencies of samples’ relative elongation. The temperature dependencies of the Nd1.6Ca0.4Ni1-yCuyO4+δ (y = 0.0-0.4) compact samples’ conductivity were obtained using the four-probe method at direct current in air with automatic system Zirconia-318. Chemical compatibility of the Nd1.6Ca0.4Ni1-yCuyO4+δ (y = 0.0; 0.2; 0.4) with electrolytes oxide materials for solid oxide fuel cells (SOFC) has been studied. Particle size distribution in the Nd1.6Ca0.4Ni1-yCuyO4+δ (y = 0.0-0.4) powders was determined by laser light scattering using a SALD-7101 Shimadzu dispersion analyzer. The values of the Nd1.6Ca0.4Ni1-yCuyO4+δ (y = 0.0-0.4) specific surface were estimated by the method of nitrogen thermal desorption on an automatic surface and porosity analyzer SoftSorbi-II ver.1.0. The oxygen ion diffusion coefficients were determined by temperature programmed isotope exchange of oxygen. Electrochemical activity of the Nd1.6Ca0.4Ni1-yCuyO4+δ (y = 0.0-0.4) cathode materials was investigated by impedance spectroscopy using a SI 1260 potentiostat and SI 1287 electrochemical interface (Solartron Industries Inc.). Based on the obtained data, it could be concluded that the Nd1.6Ca0.4Ni1-yCuyO4+δ oxide materials are promising as cathode materials for intermediate-temperature SOFC’s.
  • Ural Federal University
导师Елена Александровна Филонова (Supervisor) & Елена Юрьевна Пикалова (Supervisor)