The aim of the study is to examine the development of China's trade activities with Russia and European countries within the foreign trade policy pursued by the rulers of the Qing Empire in different periods. The object of this study is trade and economic relations of China with Russia and Europe. Subject of the research is China's trade activities with Europe and Russia and economic development policies pursued by the Qing government in the specified chronological period. This master's thesis consists of an introduction, three chapters, a conclusion, a list of used sources and literature, and appendices. The first chapter examines the development of China's interstate trade contacts with Europe and Russia in the Yongzheng era. The second chapter examines the stage of activation of the Russian-Chinese trade relations in the North China and formation of the special monopoly trade system with foreigners in Guangzhou in the Qianlong era. The third chapter analyses peculiarities of trade in the territories of Kyakhta and Guangzhou under the Jiaqing Emperor. The conclusion concludes with brief conclusions of the research.