The master's thesis is devoted to improving the system of transport taxes in China, with the goal of greening them. The explanatory note consists of introduction, 3 chapters and conclusion. The first chapter discusses the issues of vehicle taxation in the Russian Federation and China, and explores the types of environmental impacts of transport. The second chapter analyzes the development of the vehicle fleet in Russia and China, concludes that it has a significant impact on the environment, examines the volume of emissions from vehicles into the atmosphere, as well as revenues from the group of transport taxes and other obligatory payments to the state budget system. The third chapter proposes a change in the system of transport taxes in China associated with the operation of vehicles in order to give them a greater environmental character.