Final qualifying work “Comparative characteristics of learning and professional motivation of Russian and Chinese students” in the form of Master thesis is performed on 107 sheets (A4 format, font Times New Roman, font size 14, 1,5 line spacing), excluding attachments. Number of tables – 0 (excluding attachments). The number of figures – 66 (excluding attachments). Key terms: learning motivation; professional motivation; learning level; learning behavior; educational approach; cultural differences; career planning; and career planning courses. The submitted master's thesis consists of an introduction, three chapters, a conclusion, a bibliographical list, and appendices. The introduction describes the relevance of the topic of the master's thesis, considers the purpose and main objectives of the research, defines the object and subject of the research, forms the hypothesis of the research, as well as establishes a list of methods involved in the research. In the first chapter of the dissertation, the theoretical foundations of learning and professional motivation of modern university students and the connection between them; the influence of different cultural backgrounds and educational approaches on students will be considered. In the second chapter, the purpose and methodology of the study are determined, as well as a detailed description of the sample for the study. In the third chapter, the findings are produced in the form of graphs and charts in a sequential manner, and the results are analyzed individually with personal opinions and recommendations. In the conclusion, the existing education and the training system of the university as well as the vocational training system are considered, and solutions for improvement as well as solutions to the problems also are proposed in the context of the current situation.